There are a developed road network, railways, ports. The municipality embraces a territory of 515.89 km². The Danube River is the northern border of the municipality and the Republic of Bulgaria, which creates the potential for developing economic activities along the river.
The city is successor of the Roman Durostorum (translated "strong fortress") , founded by Emperor Trajan. In 169 the city was one of the earliest centers of spreading Christianity. Here, in 390, was born the great commander Flavius Aetius, who had defeated Attila the Hun. It was the first recognized town between Bishops cities in Bulgaria, and under the government of Tsar Simeon Veliki, the Dorostol Bishop was enthroned as the first Patriarch of the Bulgarian Church - Patriarch Damian.
Another prominent military commander of Durostorum, general / legate / leaves a remarkable monument - the chariot with unique decorations from III century, and remarkable swords and gold ornaments stored in the Archaeological Museum of Silistra. The most remarkable monument of that era is unique Roman tomb with frescoes from the mid-fourth century.